How to Grow and Care for Orchids
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1000s of orchid types, which one is mine ?

Although in the literature it is said that there are many different types and hybrids of orchids but actually there are only two main species of orchids. The terrestrial orchids grow on the ground; the other type, epiphytes develop on trees, rocks, branches, trunks.

Terrestrial orchid species are the most popular orchids. Although terrestrial orchids are similar to other plants with roots growing under the soil, some of terrestrial orchids are actually semi-terrestrial which means that they have both underground and above ground roots.

A sample of terrestrial type which is perfect for beginners and can bloom continuously every year is cymbidium orchid. Cymbidium orchids were one of the first species of orchids to have been cultured and are a terrestrial orchid that has 40 species and thousands of hybrids.

These orchids are a great example of terrestrial that not only breed on the soil but, they can also grow on trees and rocks. Their natural habitat is South East Asia including Australia where they enjoy humid climate and grow on humus of decomposed wood and rotten leaves. Cymbidium orchids, with the right care, will offer beautiful flowers every single year.

Dendrobiums are the most known and a very example of epiphytes orchids. The type epiphytes is not just a major orchid type. The term refers to any plant which has an aerial root system. They too are very easy to care but they do need a bit more attention than terrestrial type and they do not flower as often as cymbidiums. With about 1000 species, they can be found in deep exotic, tropical areas of Polynesia, Australia and South East Asia including northern parts of India. Because they are found in steamy hot tropical conditions, Dendrobiums flourish in warm, damp growing environment and should be always kept soggy.

Another popular epiphyte type of orchid is the Phalaenopsis. Thriving in very similar conditions to Dendrobium these orchids also are very easy to cultivate and have ongoing flora. With very vibrant, fluorescent pinks, purples, yellows, sometimes with lovely patches and stripes, they are the centerpieces of weddings.

Epiphytic orchids cultivate on trees, trunks, rocks, hillsides and damp walls. They do not feed from the structure they cling their roots to. With their thick, tough roots they clamp on branches, trees and they their nutrition comes form a natural material that they gather between their roots and the structure they cling. The roots of epiphytic orchids help plant to survive through the wet and arid months. The tough, chewy center of the root is enclosed by an elastic pale-white jacket that can soak up water easily. In the rainy environment, this jacket soaks up and keeps the water for later use. When the jacket is full of moist its color changes to light pea green. These roots keep the water and discharge it slowly to the tissues of the plant when needed.

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simon is a keen orchidist. After a lot of bad experiences, he is now a proud owner of an orchid yard with full of beautiful long lasting blooms. He wolud like to share his experince and knowledge on

August 29, 2010   No Comments